WEEKLY SUMMARY

Latest Update On |  22 May 2020

VIEW THE COUNTRIES WITH MONITORING UPDATES

ENTERING RECOVERY PHASE

CHINA

SRI LANKA

 SOUTH KOREA

VIETNAM

AUSTRALIA

NEW ZEALAND

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

LAOS

RESTRICTIONS STILL IN PLACE

INDIA

INDONESIA

MALAYSIA

PHILIPPINES

SINGAPORE

THAILAND

JAPAN

MYANMAR

CHINA

ENTERING RECOVERY PHASE

 China continues to handle the risk of the “second wave” of COVID-19.

MEASURES

Z

On 19 May, it was reported that lockdown has been imposed to the north-eastern city of Shulan, Jilin province to contain the COVID-19. All villages and residential areas in the city were closed, and only one person per household is allowed to leave for purchasing essential goods.

Z

On 20 May, Wuhan, the epicentre of COVID-19 outbreak, has announced the new regulation1 in prohibiting the consumption, hunting and breeding of wild animals. The regulation comes into force immediately and it will be in effect for the next 5 years.

SRI LANKA

ENTERING RECOVERY PHASE

Curfew has been lifted for most of the areas in Sri Lanka.

MEASURES

c

In order to return to normalcy in civilian life and revive economy, on 11 May, the curfew restrictions had been lifted for most of the areas in Sri Lanka, except Colombo and Gampaha. The resumption of operation shall strictly adhere to the guidelines issued by the authorities. The curfew in Colombo and Gampaha will continue until further notice while curfew in other districts which scheduled from 0800pm to 0500am will remain in force daily until further notice too.

c

As part of the preventative actions, a 24-hour curfew was reimposed for all districts on 17 May 2020.

SOUTH KOREA

ENTERING RECOVERY PHASE

The ‘‘Distancing in daily life’’ continues in South Korea.

MEASURES

c

The “Distancing in daily life” continues in South Korea. People are allowed to conduct activities by adhering to Basic Guidelines for Distancing in daily life.

c

As the number of local transmission from club cluster cases rises, people are advised to refrain from social gathering and visiting any closed or crowded spaces. The Korea Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (KCDC) continues to conduct the contact tracing for the recent cluster cases.

c

On 20 May, the schools were re-opened for high school students (high school grade 3). The reopening of school shall adhere to the guidance for COVID-19 prevention measures which issued by KCDC.

VIETNAM

ENTERING RECOVERY PHASE

Vietnam restarts economy in “new normal”.

MEASURES

c

The Prime Minister requested authorities to remove red-tape and administrative procedure hassles to bolster economy recovery.

c

The Ministry of Transport and localities continue to tighten control over passengers entering Vietnam with strict quarantine rules.

AUSTRALIA 

ENTERING RECOVERY PHASE

Australia attempts to return to normalcy amidst diplomatic spat with China.

MEASURES

c

Most states and territories have begun to roll out the Federal Government’s ‘3-step’ plan to ease restrictions, with some planning to open up for domestic travel and expediting their move into the next phase to generate economic activity and revive social life.

c

Diplomatic spat with China: Australia has pushed for an international inquiry into the origins of the coronavirus. China, Australia’s largest trading partner, has since suspended the export licences of several of Australia’s largest beef processors and proposed tariffs of 80% on Australian barley shipments, in what many viewed as retaliatory actions. The souring relationship between the two nations could result in the boycott of Australian beef, wine, tourism and universities. 

NEW ZEALAND

ENTERING RECOVERY PHASE

The Government plans to phase in more ‘freedom’ under Alert Level 2, to boost domestic demand and protect jobs.

MEASURES

c

On 13 May, New Zealand moved to Alert Level 2 “Reduce”, with hopes to restart the economy. As the nation progresses through this level, the Government plans to regularly adjust their restrictions to allow more activity when it is safe to do so.

c

Ideas such as a shorter working week and creating more public holidays have been floated to help boost spending in the tourism and hospitality sectors that have been hit particularly hard by the lockdown.

c

Domestic travel is now permitted, with tourism operators and airlines ramping up services to meet demand. While international borders remain closed, there is scope for amendments in the future and a trans-Tasman bubble (i.e. a ‘safe travel zone’ with Australia) is possible at Alert Level 2.

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

ENTERING RECOVERY PHASE

The Ministry of Health issued guidelines for the celebration of Eid Aidilfitri.

MEASURES

c

The following measures were introduced:

  • The Eid celebration is only to be held with immediate family members i.e. individuals visiting their parents or siblings.
  • Large families must ensure that the mass gathering guideline is complied i.e. to only limit 20-30 people at any one time according to the size of the home.
  • Social visits to parents’ or siblings’ homes must be scheduled accordingly.
  • Members of the public are not allowed to hold “Open Houses” or similar events.
c

Restaurants and premises that offer dine-in services are required not to accept customers if their capacity exceeds 30% and ensure that customers have the correct color code (green or yellow) before entering their respective premises.

LAOS

ENTERING RECOVERY PHASE

On 18 May onwards, final-year classes in primary, lower and upper secondary schools reopened.

MEASURES

c

All other education levels including kindergarten, colleges, universities, and other educational institutions are allowed reopen on 2 June.

c

The four restrictions remain prohibited:

  • Night markets, beer shops, nightclubs, online game shops, karaoke venues, cinemas, casinos, team sports tournaments.
  • Local, traditional, and international border checkpoints remain closed and people are not allowed to enter and exit the country, except for drivers of cargo vehicles or those with prior authorisation.
  • Unofficial or informal gatherings or other large events. Cultural festivals and weddings with more than 50 attendees.
  • Entry visas to visitors who come from or pass through countries with COVID-19 outbreak, except for special cases which require prior authorisation.

INDIA

RESTRICTIONS STILL IN PLACE

The lockdown in India has been extended.

MEASURES

c

The lockdown which initially scheduled to end on 17 May, has been extended until 31 May. On 17 May, the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued the new Guidelines on the measures to be taken by Ministries/Departments of Government of India, State/UT Governments and State/UT authorities for containment of COVID-19 in the country upto 31 May 2020.

c

During the extended lockdown period, the activities such as domestic and international air travel of passengers, metro rail services shall continue to remain prohibited. In addition, the facilities, including but not limited to hotels, cinema halls, shopping malls, religious places remain closed throughout the extended lockdown period.

IMPACT ON FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN

r

 For food sector, the food manufactures remain unhampered throughout the extended lockdown period. However, for food service, the restaurants remain closed and only allowed to operate kitchen to provide only home-delivery service during the extended period.

r

In addition, the guidelines has also allowed inter-state movement of goods/cargo, including empty trucks during the lockdown period.

FIA RECOMMENDATIONS/ACTIONS

k

FIA is working closely with local industry association FICCI, to monitor the progress of development of the lockdown situation in India.

INDONESIA

RESTRICTIONS STILL IN PLACE

Large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) in Jakarta extended to 4 June.

MEASURES

c

The central government has allowed regional administrations to decide on the appropriate mitigation measures.

c

On 20 May, the Ministry of Health issued Circular No. HK.02.01/Menkes/332/2020 on health protocols for Indonesians or foreign nationals arriving from overseas into areas where PSBB has been declareD. Travelers are required to carry a negative result from a rapid test, which is available at Indonesian port of entries, as well as a statement of good health from an authorised source.

MYANMAR

RESTRICTIONS STILL IN PLACE

On 19 May, National Level Committee on COVID-19 Prevention, Control and Treatment announced that restaurants in all townships in regions and states and Nay Pyi Taw are allowed to resume operations.

MEASURES

c

This excludes townships that are still under the stay-home measure.

c

Businesses are required to adhere to the guidelines from the Ministry of Health and Sports.

MALAYSIA

RESTRICTIONS STILL IN PLACE

The Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO) in Malaysia continues.

MEASURES

c

The Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO), will continue and end on 9 June 2020. The operations of businesses under the CMCO will continue to be governed by the respective Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) and precautionary measures.

c

During the CMCO, only Malaysian citizens and Permanent Residents can return to Malaysia from abroad, In addition, spouse and children of citizens holding long-term passes, foreign diplomats and their families serving in Malaysia are allowed to enter Malaysia. For other holders of Expatriate Pass, Student Pass, Dependent Pass, Temporary Work Pass, and Malaysia My Second Home (MM2H) Pass, they are temporarily disallowed to enter Malaysia. Also, all entries into Malaysia will subject to health screening at point of entry and quarantine for the next 14 days. In addition, international passengers will be able to transit at airport provided no immigration clearance is needed.

IMPACT ON FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN

r

The food industry continues to operate by adhering to the SOP for Reopening of the Economy, and SOP for Manufacturing Sector.

r

By adhering to the SOP for Food and Beverage, the restaurants, including food and beverage outlets are able to provide dine-in service for the customers at the premise.

r

By adhering to the SOP for Logistics and Transportation, the logistics service providers are allowed to operate at full capacity for loading and unloading goods travelled via land, sea, and air. The import and export activities are operating as usual too.

FIA RECOMMENDATIONS/ACTIONS

k

As the government will be finalising the economy recovery plan for short (May 2020), medium (November 2020) and long-term (January 2021), FIA will monitor the respective progress and engagement in order to provide inputs when there is a consultation opportunity.

PHILIPPINES

RESTRICTIONS STILL IN PLACE

Starting from 16 May, the Omnibus Guidelines on the Implementation of Community Quarantine is adopted in Philippines.

MEASURES

c

On 15 May, the Philippine Inter-Agency Task Force for the Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-EID) released revised Omnibus Guidelines on the Implementation of Community Quarantine in the Philippines.

c

The Guidelines provide guidance on the protocols for different community quarantines, including Enhanced Community Quarantine (ECQ), Modified Enhanced Community Quarantine (MECQ), General Community Quarantine (GCQ), and Modified General Community Quarantine (MGCQ) in Philippines.

c

On 15 May, the latest list of areas covered by ECQ, MECQ, and GCQ was further published through the Resolution No.37. The Community Quarantine will be in force until 31 May 2020.

IMPACT ON FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN

r

Under ECQ, industries and workers involved in agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and other components of the food value chain, are allowed to operate at full operational capacity. Private establishments and workers involved in food supply chain businesses, including supermarkets, grocery stores, food preparation establishments (only available for take-out and delivery services) are allowed to operate too. However, for establishments involved in the production, manufacturing, packaging, processing and distribution of basic food products are only allowed to operate at a maximum of 50% workforces. If the supply level of a basic food product requires higher capacity, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) will authorise the approval for temporary increase of workforce capacity.

r

Under the GCQ, for Category I (Industries), including businesses and employees involved in agriculture, forestry, fisheries, food manufacturing and food supply chain businesses (supermarkets, grocery stores, food preparation establihsments (only available for take-out and delivery services), food delivery services are allowed to operate at full operational capacity.

r

Under the MECQ, the operation of food supply chain will be similar to the ECQ. In addition to the basic food supply, under MECQ, the manufacturing industries classified as beverages, including alcoholics drinks, will be allowed to operate at 50% workforces.

r

Under the MGCQ, for abovementioned Category I, the industries are allowed to operate at maximum operational capacity.

SINGAPORE

RESTRICTIONS STILL IN PLACE

On 19 May, Multi-Ministry Taskforce announced the gradual resumption of businesses in a phased approach from 2 June onwards.

MEASURES

c

The government will be opening up the economy and allow for businesses and activities to resume gradually over three phases.

c

Businesses are required to comply with the mandatory Safe Management Measures.

c

The first phase starts on 2 June and includes additional permitted services that are permitted to operate.

c

The government is also looking into gradually reopen borders for travel and is exploring the possibility of piloting green lane arrangements with a few countries that are at equivalent or lower risk of community transmission as Singapore to allow for essential travel.

c

Businesses that have obtained permit to operate during Circuit Breaker can continue to do so after 1 June. Businesses that can resume from 2 June onwards do not need to apply for exemption but must submit manpower details within two weeks from the date of operations resumption.

IMPACT ON FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN

r

F&B outlets (excluding establishments selling predominantly beverages), food caterers and canteens are permitted to operate. No dine-in services are allowed.

THAILAND

RESTRICTIONS STILL IN PLACE

The National Security Council (NSC) proposed the extension of the state of emergency for another month to 30 June. Phase 3 relaxation is proposed to be implemented from 1 June onwards.

MEASURES

c

The current state of emergency is due to end on 31 May. The extension proposal is pending the agreement from the COVID-19 Situation Administration (CCSA) before this is brought to the cabinet for a decision next week.

c

The temporary ban for all international flights to Thailand was extended to 30 June.

c

Phase 3 relaxation measures will focus on high risk area such as massage parlor, gym, as well as a shortened curfew (midnight to 4am).

c

Notification of the Ministry of Public Health announced that the Republic of Korea, the People’s Republic of China and two Special Administrative Regions of the People’s Republic of China (Hong Kong and Macau) have been officially removed as Disease Infected Zones regarding the COVID-19 outbreak.

c

Inter-provincial bus services on the Northern, Northeastern and Eastern routes resumed on 18 May. Services on the Southern routes will resume from 1 June.

IMPACT ON FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN

r

Businesses and operators that are opened must follow guidance issued by the Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health.

r

Dining in is permitted and restaurants are required to provide hand sanitiser, adopt social distancing, and prohibit alcohol consumption.

JAPAN

RESTRICTIONS STILL IN PLACE

8 prefectures in Japan continue to stay in the state of emergency to 31 May 2020.

MEASURES

c

On 14 May, the government has announced to lift the state of emergency for 39 of the country’s 47 prefectures. The emergency state will continue for the rest of the prefectures, including Hokkaido, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Kyoto, Osaka, and Hyogo. The decision to lift the emergency state was made based on the epidemiological trend, medical capacity and surveillance system of the prefecture.

c

For prefectures which are still under the state of emergency, any non-essential outings crossing any prefecture will be refrained.

c

For prefectures which are no longer in the state of emergency, people are disallowed to make non-essential outing to prefectures which stay in the state of emergency. However, they are allowed to travel across prefectures which emergency state has been lifted. In addition, people are allowed to attend to large-scale events that up to about 100 for indoor event and 200 for outdoor event.

c

Most of the actions will still decided by the local governors for activities in the prefectures, including operation of non-essential businesses.

IMPACT ON FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN

r

On 15 May, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) issued the latest food supply status in Japan. In order to meet the demands of consumers, the manufacturers (flour and flour products) continue to operate in full production and some of the manufacturers (instant noodles, retort food) will continue to increase their production to support the adequate supply of food.

r

In the revised Basic Policies for Novel Coronavirus Disease Control dated on 14 May, for prefectures stay in state of emergency, the food and beverage supply (agriculture, forestry, fishery, importing, manufacturing, processing, distribution, and online shopping of food and beverages, etc) are required to continue to operate. Also, for food services businesses (canteens, restaurants, coffee shops, home delivery and take-out, retailers of daily necessities) are requested to operate throughout the state of emergency too.